This Week in Blockchain Research Issue #120

Issue #120


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Issue #120

Paper of the Week:

Paper Title: A Decision Model for Decentralized Autonomous Organization Platform Selection: Three Industry Case Studies.

TLDR:

  1. Decentralized autonomous organizations as a new form of online governance are collections of smart contracts deployed on a blockchain platform that intercede groups of people.

  2. A growing number of Decentralized Autonomous Organization Platforms, such as Aragon and Colony, have been introduced in the market to facilitate the development process of such organizations.

  3. Selecting the best fitting platform is challenging for the organizations, as a significant number of decision criteria, such as popularity, developer availability, governance issues, and consistent documentation of such platforms, should be considered.

  4. Additionally, decision-makers at the organizations are not experts in every domain, so they must continuously acquire volatile knowledge regarding such platforms and keep themselves updated.

  5. Accordingly, a decision model is required to analyze the decision criteria using systematic identification and evaluation of potential alternative solutions for a development project. 

  6. This work develops a theoretical framework to assist software engineers with a set of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making problems in software production.

AuthorsElena Baninemeh*, Siamak Farshidi†, and Slinger Jansen*,

Affiliations: * Utrecht University and † University of Amsterdam.


Security:

1. Paper Title: Estimating the Node Degree of Public Peers and Detecting Sybil Peers Based on Address Messages in the Bitcoin P2P Network.

Summary: The behavior of the spamming peers can be used to determine the number of neighbors of public peers and to find Sybil peers (peers that have multiple addresses).

Authors: Matthias Grundmann* and Max Baumstark*,

Affiliations* Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.


Privacy:

No papers.


Scalability:

No papers.


Proofs:

No papers.


Consensus:

1. Paper Title: RingBFT: Resilient Consensus over Sharded Ring Topology.

Summary: A novel meta-Bft protocol RingBFT that aims to be secure against byzantine attacks, achieves high throughputs, and incurs low latencies.

Authors: Sajjad Rahnama*, Suyash Gupta*, Rohan Sogani*, Dhruv Krishnan*, and Mohammad Sadoghi*,

Affiliations* University of California Davis.

2. Paper Title: Using Throughput-Centric Byzantine Broadcast to Tolerate Malicious Majority in Blockchains.

Summary: Can practically usable blockchains tolerate a malicious majority, i.e., f ≥ 1/2 ?

Authors: Ruomu Hou*, Haifeng Yu*, and Prateek Saxena*,

Affiliations* National University of Singapore.

3. Paper Title: Accountability and Forensics in Blockchains: XDC Consensus Engine DPoS 2.0.

Summary: The proposed next generation decentralized consensus engine for the XinFin XDC Network.

Authors: Gerui Wang*, Jerome Wang*, Liam Lai*, and Fisher Yu*,

Affiliations* Hash Laboratories.


Tokenomics:

1. Paper Title: Smart Contracts, Real-Virtual World Convergence and Economic Implications.

Summary: The goal of this paper is to provide an overview of the rapidly evolving multidisciplinary literature on Smart Contracts to provide a synthesis perspective on the economic implications of smart contracts.

AuthorsWilliam Lehr*,

Affiliations: * MIT.


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